Low blood calcium or hypocalcemia is caused by a lack of calcium in the blood. Calcium is a basic and vital chemical element of the body. The normal level of blood in the blood is a vital condition for the work of various cells of the body, especially the brain, muscles and heart. Therefore, the lack of calcium in the blood (hypocalcemia) may cause many clinical problems and diseases.
The body gets the calcium from the food that is consumed by the human, is absorbed from the digestive system to the blood. In the blood, a portion of calcium enters the cells. Most of the body’s calcium is present in the bones and , while there is a small amount of it in the blood and other body fluids.Bone Hill
The symptoms of calcium increase and its symptoms range from non-existent to severe, there may be no symptoms if hypercalcaemia is mild, but more severe cases produce signs and symptoms related to the body parts affected by high calcium level. Symptoms include:
- Excessive thirst and frequent urination, because excess calcium means that the kidneys work more to filter out this calcium.
- Gastrointestinal disorders, stomach, nausea and vomiting.
- Weakness of bones and muscles due to excess calcium filtration, which may cause bone pain, muscle weakness and depression.
- Excess calcium overlap with brain action, leading to confusion, lethargy and fatigue.
- Rarely, hypercalcemia may cause heart failure, causing palpitations, fainting, irregular heartbeat, and other heart problems.
The delicate balance between calcium deficiency and its increase in blood can be caused by a variety of factors. Hypercalcemia occurs by:
- Excessive thyroid glands, the most common cause.
- Cancers such as lung cancer, breast cancer, and some types of leukemia.
- Other diseases such as tuberculosis and sarcoid, which can raise the levels of vitamin D in the blood, which stimulates the digestive system to absorb more calcium.
- Genetic factors such as hypokalemia, a rare genetic disorder.
- Inertia and spend a lot of time sitting or lying down, and with time, the bones release what can not afford the calcium in the blood.
- Severe droughts and low blood fluids lead to increased calcium concentrations.
- Some medications such as lithium are used to treat bipolar disorder.
- Excessive intake of calcium or vitamin D supplementation over time may raise the level of calcium in the blood to normal.
There are several reasons that lead to excessively high levels of calcium in the blood, most notably the incidence of some malignant cancer, including leukemia, breast cancer, and lung cancer. These malignant cancers help spread bone metastasis, which increases the risk of hypercalcemia.
Hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroidism are among the most common causes of hypercalcemia. This infusion affects the body as a result of the presence of benign tumors on one side of the thyroid gland, four, which secrete the hormone thyroid. This is most common in women who have had some radiation doses in the neck area. There are also other drugs that increase the activity of hyperthyroidism, which is the most important of which is Lithium, and Thiazide.
One of the leading causes of hypercalcemia is the infection of some other organic diseases, the most common of which is sarcoidosis and tuberculosis, which cause both infections in the tissues. Which increases the production of vitamin D in the blood and this in itself works to stimulate the digestive system to absorb more calcium.bones
Immobile people are also the most susceptible to hypercalcemia, or because of cancer, which forces them to slow movement and lie down continuously. Leading to high blood calcium. Excessive intake of dietary supplements containing calcium and vitamin D is a cause of hypercalcemia.
There are some symptoms and signs that appear on people with hypercalcemia in the blood, which are most important thirst and frequent urination and this is the result of kidneys affected by high calcium, which affects the work of the job. As well as the feeling of vomiting and nausea and constipation and this is the result of the digestive system is affected by high calcium, causing severe stomach disorders. The most prominent symptoms are also the feeling of some acute pain in the bones due to weakness, the excessive leakage of extra calcium into the blood. This is in addition to the patient’s feeling of fatigue, lethargy, confusion, nervousness and some mood changes. This is because of the effect of calcium levels on the functions of the brain and the nervous system.
There are some serious complications caused by the disease of hypercalcemia in the blood, which is the most prominent of the incidence of some chronic diseases and serious cardiovascular diseases, high , pancreatitis, heartburn, osteoporosis, kidney failure.
There are some medical treatments and drugs used in the treatment of hypercalcemia in the blood, which are the most important calcium-like drugs that control the hyperactivity of thyroid gland. As well as biophosphonate medicines that restore bone building and reduce osteoporosis due to hypercalcemia. Another drug, prednisone, inhibits vitamin D hyperthyroidism, one of the causes of hypercalcemia. This is in addition to the use of diuretics and intravenous fluids. Taking these medications, care must be taken to take large amounts of fluids and water, stop smoking altogether, and exercise regularly so that the result of healing faster.food
Treatment of hypercalcemia or hypercalcemia involves either medications or surgical procedures, as follows:
- Calcitonin, a hormone found in salmon that controls calcium levels in the blood, may be a mild side effect.
- Bayphosphonate , usually used intravenous osteoporosis drugs which can quickly reduce calcium levels to treat calcium hypercalcaemia, including the risks associated with this treatment necrosis jaw and certain types of femoral fractures.
- Dynamism , this drug is often used to treat people with hypercalcemia that causes cancer, which does not respond well to bisphosphonate.
- Prednisone , if your hypercalcemia is caused by high levels of vitamin D, the use of short-term pills such as prednisone will be usually helpful.
- Diuretics and fluids . Very high levels of calcium can be an emergency medical condition. You may need to be hospitalized for fluids and diuretics to lower calcium levels to prevent heart problems or damage to the nervous system.