Treatment of ear infection

ear infection

human may develop inflammation of the ear ( in English: Otitis) at any age, but children are considered more vulnerable to infection, due to the fact that the eustachian tube have a shorter and more horizontal, as increased chance of developing ear infections in smokers and people exposed to secondhand smoke , in addition to patients suffering from seasonal allergies (English: seasonal allergies), as well as people with colds , or infected with respiratory upper (English: upper respiratory infection), and in fact must be adults when infected ear infections, attention to the symptoms of more, in addition to visiting the doctor , It may be The machine on the incidence of more serious health problems, on the contrary , children often develop simple cases of ear infection, and quickly recovering to healing.[1]

Treatment of ear infection

Treatment of ear infection varies depending on the type of inflammation, as follows:

Treatment of external ear infection: Many methods are required to treat this type of inflammation, in the case of suffering from inflammation of the simple or moderate intensity in the external ear , should be beginning to clean well, including the removal of waste and residues in the ear, and prevent the water , Use of antibiotics(Topical hydrocortisone) to relieve inflammation, and acetic acid may be used in simple cases to change the pH level of the auditory canal It should be noted that the average cases of external ear infection require the use of antibiotics in the form of a solution or suspension, such as: Ciprofloxacin, or Ofloxacin (Inloxacin), and severe cases or cases of inflammation of cellular tissues ( The English Cellulitis, which may exceed the ear canal. Systemic antibiotics, such as Cephalexin, Ciprofloxacin, and painkillers such as NSAIDs,[2]

Treatment of otitis media: Doctors recommend waiting and waiting without resorting to the use of antibiotics, as most patients feel better during the early days of the infection of the middle ear, and most infections go away without treatment within a week to two weeks, in fact, doctors recommend the installation of hot water compresses on the affected ear to relieve the pain, in addition to the use of medications medications for pain, such as: drug acetaminophen ( in English: acetaminophen), and drug ibuprofen ( in English: ibuprofen), with caution when giving medication aspirin ( in English: aspirin) for children and adolescents, the use of the Prophylaxis vital, it remains limited to some cases prescribed by your doctor, if a child under the age of six months, and the most prominent of antibiotics used in the treatment of inflammation of the middle ear is amoxicillin ( in English: Amoxicillin).

Treatment of otitis media: The treatment of this type begins to monitor the course of the disease, to see the extent of the possibility of improvement alone without resorting to antibiotics, as in about 80% of the cases, and the treatment is limited to the mitigation of symptoms, doctors may spend anti-nausea drugs (English: Anti-nausea, antiviral , or steroid compounds . [5]

Ear parts

The human ear consists of three main parts, working with each other to perform the ear functions of hearing and maintaining the balance of the human body, and for the parts of the ear are as follows: [6]

External ear: The outer ear, consisting of Pinna and the external auditory canal.

Middle Ear (Middle ear), which contains the three Ossicles, Malleus, Incus, and Stapes, and these elms are connected for the delivery of sound waves to the inner ear, and also it contains eustachian tube ( in English: Eustachian tube), which helps to balance the pressure inside the middle ear, and separates the middle ear from the outer ear membrane tympanic ( in English: tympanic membrane), which is also called a drum ear

. The inner ear consists of the cochlea, which contains the auditory nerves, the Vestibule, and the semicircular canals. These two members On the balance receptors.

Types of ear infections

Otitis externa This type of inflammation may appear in the form of furuncle (localized), or may be exacerbated to include full otitis, which is called swimmer’s ear. (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and common protozoan (Proteus vulgaris). The patient suffers from pain in the affected ear, as well as loss of hearing if the channel is bulging. Audio, it is worth mentioning that the water pool in the canyon Of audio, use of cotton ear, the most prominent of risk factors that increase the chance of infection external ear. [2]

Otitis media is one of the most prominent causes of visits to health centers in the world, and has many species, as it affects the acute in children less than two years, resulting in pain in the ear infected, and suffering from fever Also. [3]

Otitis Interna, also called inflammation of the labyrinth (Labyrinthitis), or Vestibular neuritis, which leads to the feeling of dizziness , or dizziness, in addition to hearing tinnitus in the ear Infected. [5]

References

↑ “Ear Infections” , www.healthline.com , Retrieved 30-11-2018. Edited.

“External Otitis” , Www.msdmanuals.com , Retrieved 30-11-2018. Edited.

^ A b “On Update , Otitis Media” , Www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov , Retrieved 30-11-2018. Edited. ↑

“Ear infection (middle ear)” , www.mayoclinic.org , Retrieved 30-11-2018. Edited.

^ A b “Otitis Interna” , Www.healthline.com , Retrieved 30-11-2018. Edited.

↑ “Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear” , urmc.rochester.edu , Retrieved 30-11-2018. Edited.

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