The disease has spread in the world of diseases to include new types of diseases, including sleep sickness. It may come to mind that this disease is only an increase in sleep; Sleep sickness It is necessary to rush to the nearest doctor to take the necessary medical measures to prevent complications and therefore death, and given the gravity behind the disease, we will discuss in this article to the most important information around it.
Information about sleep sickness
English Sleeping Sickness , is known to sleep with several names of the disease, including: African Almnaqbiat ‘s disease, and information suggests that common diseases spread in the African tropics, and is classified in the list of infectious diseases affecting humans and animals at once, and Oanctr type that infects humans into two main types : Trypanosoma gambiense (Tbg) and Trypanosoma brucei Rhodesian (Tbr) , and is the first type is the most widespread; it infected with cases detected 98% of the total infected cases of the disease as a whole, and more ways of transmission of this disease is the language of the tsetse fly – bearing infection ; And abounds And they find in rural areas, and Alhder mentioning the discovery of the disease and the cause of his return to the English doctor and surgeon David Bruce.
Symptoms of sleep sickness
Sleep sickness is like other diseases that are accompanied by a variety of symptoms and signs to indicate its existence. The most important symptoms of sleep sickness that appear on the patient:
- Swollen area infected with tsetse fly.
- Feeling pain and redness at the place of sting.
- Swelling lymph nodes around the body.
- Symptoms of fever.
- Severe headache.
- Itching in different areas of the body.
- Acute joint pain.
- Tension and confusion.
- Sleep disorder.
- Feeling numb and weak in coordinating body movements.
- Delirium and weakness.
- Get into a coma if you do not undergo treatment.
- Death sometimes.
Causes of sleep sickness
The prevalence of sleeping sickness is more than 36 African countries, especially those in the southern part of the Sahara. The tsetse fly is very widespread. It is noteworthy that this fly is often settled in rural areas due to the dependence of rural people on hunting, At the same time, the place is suitable for its establishment and breeding. Information indicates that more than half a million Africans suffer from the disease every year, and more cases are expected to be detected.
Prevention of sleep sickness
In order to facilitate the possibility of treatment in the event of early detection of the disease, many scientists have concentrated their attention on the control of the fly that causes the disease. By using pesticides in various parts of Africa. The use of radiation has also been used to sterilize the fly-bearing vector, thus becoming sterile and unable to reproduce.
Treatment of sleep sickness
Doctors rely on several drugs and ways to treat sleep sickness, and this is done in several stages, namely:
The first phase of treatment is based on the use of the following medical drugs:
- Pentamidine , which dates back to 1941, is on the treatment journey for sleep patients caused by Gambian Prussian Gerbysa, and is reported to have undesirable effects.
- Soramin: This medical drug was discovered in 1921 and is used in the treatment of the disease of the Prussian-Prussian type. The information confirmed that it has undesirable effects at all; it causes allergic reactions.
The patient is subject to transfer to this stage for the following treatment:
- Eflornithine , which affects the Prussian Gambian bronchodilator, is characterized by its rigor and difficulty in the therapeutic course, and is less toxic than Melarserol.
- Melarsoprol , commonly used to treat all types of sleep sickness, is reported to have been extracted from arsenic in 1949 and leaves serious side effects such as cerebral palsy.
Risk of economic sleep sickness
The risk of sleep sickness is not limited to health; it has exceeded the risk that has negatively affected all directions and fields.
- Increase the financial burden on the African countries in which the disease is spreading.
- Between 600 million and 1.2 billion dollars a year are needed to combat the disease.
- To inflict heavy losses on human lives.
- Death of animals producing meat and dairy.
- Consumption of large amounts of pesticides sprayed by helicopters.
- The use of radiation to infuse flies with infertility, burdens States with great potential.
- Treatment of patients with arsenic compounds at advanced stages of the disease, leaving severe negative effects.
The difference between sleep deprivation and African trypanosomiasis
This is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that contributes to the loss of the brain’s ability to regulate and arrange sleep cycles. A person becomes unable to wake up normally and shows symptoms that are completely contrary to that African disease, such as increased drowsiness and Dizziness, sleep paralysis, and sleep hallucinations, as well as hallucinations in the pre-sleep stage. The causes are also different. Cavernous infection follows the following reasons: , And one of the most important causes of sleep:
- Heart Disease .
- Bad follow-up .
- Some diseases .
- Psychological disorders such as anxiety and tension.
- Lack of movement, activity and lack of exercise during the day.
- Thyroid gland dysfunction.
- Vitamin D deficiency.