Language acquisition is a very important stage in a child’s life. The acquisition of language proficiency may be difficult for a large number of children, leading to stuttering
What is the medical definition of stuttering?
Stuttering disorder in speech flow affects 1% of people, specifically males. Among the most important phenomena:
– Replay sound or sound from the word (eg: R-R-R-Rabbit)
– lengthening in the first letter of the word (eg: x-o-o-car)
– Unwarranted silence of sounds or syllables. This can be accompanied by cramping in the muscles or involuntary movements in the face and eyes, in addition to a lot of effort.
At what age does stuttering appear?
Stuttering usually occurs in children before age 3 in 27% of cases, and between age 3 and 6 in 68% of them. Most often, the symptoms of this disorder disappear without treatment. The appearance, it is surprising or gradual.
What causes stuttering?
There are several factors including:
• A change in the lifestyle of the family (travel, change of surroundings or country …)
• Birth of a new child in the family
• Loss of a loved one
• Genetics (60% of people with stuttering have family members who also suffer from This disorder)
• Child development disorder: Most children with language disorders and communication or developmental delays are suffering from stuttering
• Potential role of the nervous system
• Coordination of breathing and sound
What is the best stuttering treatment?
Stuttering symptoms begin to appear before the age of three. If they do not disappear as the child ages, he or she must undergo the diagnosis of a language therapist.
Treatment is based on assessment of the condition. Then a treatment plan is developed. Solutions vary in variety of situations. One of the most important factors for success is the treatment of will and self-confidence.
The treatment lasts from a few sessions to months depending on the severity of the condition and the regularity of the person in the treatment. Sometimes, follow-up is necessary with a psychologist because of some of the symptoms associated with stuttering, such as feeling ashamed, tense, fearful or guilty, so that the stutter becomes an obstacle that affects the personality of the individual.
How do we behave in case of stuttering?
– Not to be sarcastic
– Do not give tips like talking slowly, breathing, thinking before talking …
– Not acting like things are going naturally
– Not showing discomfort or tension
– Pay attention to what the child wants to say
– Suggest a word
– Ask questions about what he wants to say and suggest some answers
Anyone can stutter, but with the will and the lack of capitulation and the application of specialist advice and treatment techniques, this disorder can be overcome and speak more smoothly. The emphasis on speech content rather than form is the most appropriate and successful.