Many physiological factors occur for women during pregnancy, the most important of which is the increased secretion of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which play an important role in maintaining pregnancy, child development and preparation of women to breastfeed at birth. Unfortunately, increased hormones can lead to gingivitis. To inquire about this subject, say the specialist in oral surgery and gums, Ahmed Ghaleb al-Qaisi.
When are the symptoms of gingivitis in pregnant women?
At the beginning of the second or third month, and increases during the eighth month because women’s hormones reach their highest levels. The decrease in the possibility of infections in the gums begins at the end of the eighth month and the beginning of the ninth month. Sometimes, the inflammation is severe and there is a pronounced bump in the gums, what is known as a gestational tumor. This tumor is benign, painless and easily removed.
Are there other reasons for gingivitis when pregnant non-hormones?
Yes sure. Doctors noticed an increase in bacteria in the pregnant mouth, especially those that had health problems in the mouth before pregnancy .
Pregnancy causes the spread of those bacteria if?
No, but what happens is that the body’s immunity decreases slightly during pregnancy, giving the bacteria a golden opportunity to multiply and spread.
Can the fetus become infected with these bacteria?
Some may think that the fetus is safe from those bacteria and that it will not pass from the mother to the fetus in the womb. But after examining the amino fluid feeding the embryo, doctors found a type of bacteria usually found in the mouth that is transmitted through the blood through the placenta to the fetus, causing many complications of pregnancy, such as premature birth or the birth of fetuses of light weight or abortion or even known as septicemia.
What is your advice to the carrier to avoid this problem?
Maintain oral health before and after pregnancy. This prevents women from any severe medical procedures during pregnancy, such as the extraction of molars because this procedure requires the use of painkillers and antibiotics that affect the fetus and pregnancy. The pregnant woman must periodically brush her teeth.