Bacterial vaginitis is a type of vaginal inflammation that is caused by one or several types of bacteria that are found naturally in the vagina due to the natural balance of the bacteria in the vagina. Women of childbearing age and childbearing are more susceptible to bacterial vaginitis but women can also suffer at any age of bacterial vaginitis . Doctors do not know exactly why vaginitis develops but some activities such as repeated washing or sexual contact can increase women’s exposure. For bacterial vaginitis.
Symptoms of bacterial vaginitis
Signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis include:
Vaginal secretions and be thin and color white gray
smell of bad vagina, especially after intercourse
vaginal itching or irritation of the vagina
pain during the marital relationship
severe burning to the average in the urine and during urination
In many cases bacterial vaginitis without any symptoms and signs is apparent.
Causes of bacterial vaginitis
Bacterial vaginitis is caused by bacterial imbalance in the vagina, which contains beneficial bacteria (lactobacilli) and harmful bacteria (anaerobes). In nature, the number of beneficial bacteria is much higher than the harmful ones. In the opposite, harmful bacteria in the vagina cause bacterial vaginitis.
Bacterial vaginitis can spread during sexual intercourse, and also occurs in people who are not sexually active.
Complications of bacterial vaginitis
Generally bacterial vaginitis does not cause any complications in normal conditions but bacterial vaginosis may lead to:
Premature birth: The presence of vaginitis may be associated with premature birth and low birth weight
Sexual infection: Bacterial vaginitis makes women more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections such as AIDS, herpes, chlamydia or gonorrhea . If a woman has AIDS with bacterial vaginitis, the possibility of AIDS transmission to the other partner increases.
Risk of infection after genital surgery for women: The presence of bacterial vaginitis increases the chance of infection after genital surgery such as hysterectomy, enlargement or abrasion.
Diagnosis of bacterial vaginitis
To diagnose vaginitis, the doctor performs some tests, which include visual examination of vaginal vision and genitalia, taking a sample of vaginal secretions for laboratory analysis, examination of the percentage of harmful bacteria or examination of vaginal secretions under the microscope, in addition to measuring the pH in the vagina, if more than 4.5 Another sign of the signs of vaginitis.
Treatment of bacterial vaginitis
For the treatment of bacterial vaginitis, the doctor may prescribe one of the following drugs:
Metronidazole (Flagyl, Metrogel). It is taken orally twice a day for seven days. Metronidazole can also be used in the form of a vaginal mass by vaginal induction for five to seven days.
Tinnidazole. It is taken orally once a day for two to five days as prescribed by the doctor and may cause gastric pain with feeling nauseous.
Clindamycin. This medicine is available in cream form by inserting it into the vagina for seven days.
Note During treatment: Complete the dose for each medicine and do not stop before the end of the period even with the feeling of improvement so as not to recur the recurrence of vaginal infections again.
Preparation of d. Tamer Ghoneim