A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and fish may reduce the risk of heart attack by as much as 41 percent, a new study suggests.
The researchers used data from a previous study that included more than 16,000 people with an average age of 45 years and no coronary heart disease. Participants answered questions about the nature of their diet. Based on these responses, the researchers distributed participants in five groups:
– The normal diet group, which depends on meat, pasta, pizza, and fast food.
– The vegetarian diet, which is based on vegetables, fruits, legumes, and fish.
– Southern diet group, which depends on fried foods, processed meats, eggs, added fats, and sugary drinks.
– Diabetes diet group, which depends on sweets, news, chocolate, and solid fat.
– Alcoholic / high-fat diet group, which contains large amounts of alcoholic beverages, green fiber, and salad sauces.
The researchers found that vegetarian diet was associated with reduced risk of hospitalization for heart failure by 41%, while Southern diet was associated with a 72% increased risk of heart failure, while researchers did not find a link between other diet types and heart failure.
The researchers believe that the results of this study are a step forward towards the establishment of scientific bases fixed to prevent heart failure.
The results of the study were published in the Journal of the American Society of Cardiology. The abstract of the paper can be found at the following link: